Evaluación neuropsicológica de la atención: Test de símbolos y dígitos.
Portada volumen 27 num 1

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test de símbolos y dígitos

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Ramos-Galarza, C., Acosta-Rodas, P., Jadán-Guerrero, J., Guevara-Maldonado, C. B., Zapata-Rodríguez, M., & Apolo-Buenaño, D. (2021). Evaluación neuropsicológica de la atención: Test de símbolos y dígitos. Revista Ecuatoriana De Neurología, 27(1). Recuperado a partir de https://revecuatneurol.temp.publicknowledgeproject.org/index.php/revecuatneurol/article/view/1909


Introduction: The symbol digit modality test is a reactive which provides great support in neuropsychological evaluation. Its execution permits to evaluate brain functions such as visual perception, stimuli recognition, attention (focal, selective and sustained), task supervision, interference control among others. 

Object: The purpose of the current research study was to analyze the normative percentiles of the execution of the test, to identify the performance activity of the reactive according to age group and gender; applying the test in a sample of college students. 

Method: The sample included 250 university students,142 (56.8%) males and 108 (43.2%) females. The age range of the participants was between 18 and 34 years old (M=21.53, DE=2.25). A transversal, non-experimental, quantitative research model with a correlational scope was used. 

Results: The correct answer average for the test was 52.83 (DE=13,60) and for percentile P5 31,55 right answers were found; for percentile P75 60,00 right answers, P25 had 46,00 right answers, and for P95 74,45 right answers were found. No significant differences were found for the mean of errors in the test in terms of age group f(3, 246)=0,67, p=0,57 and gender t(248)=0,68, p=0,49 of the participants as comparison factor. 

Conclusions: Results were discussed based on prior research pointing out the importance of counting with a first statistical parameter of the test as ground for neuropsychological clinical practice in Ecuador.